Renal stones, also known as kidney stones, are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause significant pain and discomfort when they pass through the urinary tract. Traditionally, surgical intervention was the primary treatment for large or stubborn renal stones. However, breakthroughs in non-surgical treatments have revolutionized the management of renal stones, offering less invasive options with high success rates. This article will explore some of the groundbreaking non-surgical treatments available at urology doctor in Dubai for renal stones.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL):
ESWL is a non-surgical technique that uses shock waves to break down renal stones into smaller fragments that can be passed naturally through the urinary tract. This procedure generates high-energy shock waves outside the body and focuses on the targeted stone. The shock waves travel through the skin and tissues, breaking the stone into smaller pieces. ESWL is a minimally invasive treatment option that does not require incisions or anesthesia and can be performed on an outpatient basis. It is particularly effective for smaller stones located in the kidney or upper ureter.
Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy:
Ureteroscopy involves using a thin, flexible tube called a ureteroscope to visualize and treat stones in the ureter or kidney. The ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra and advanced into the urinary tract. Once the stone is located, a laser fiber is passed through the ureteroscope to fragment the stone into smaller pieces. The fragments can then be removed or passed naturally through the urine. Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is highly effective for treating stones in the ureter or lower pole of the kidney, and it offers a minimally invasive approach with high success rates.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL):
PCNL is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to manage larger renal stones. In this procedure, a small incision is made in the back, and a thin instrument called a nephroscope is inserted into the kidney to directly visualize and remove the stones. PCNL is particularly effective for complex or larger stones that cannot be easily treated with non-surgical methods.
Medical expulsive therapy (MET):
Medical expulsive therapy involves using medications to facilitate the passage of smaller renal stones. Alpha-blockers, such as tamsulosin, are commonly prescribed to relax the urinary tract muscles, allowing the stone to pass more easily. MET is often recommended for patients with small stones and minimal symptoms. It is a conservative approach that avoids invasive procedures and can be used as a first-line treatment option for suitable candidates.